During ancient times, Jhansi was the stronghold of the Chandela Rajput kings and was known as Balwant Nagar. However, it lost importance after the fall of the Chandela dynasty in the 11th century. It emerged prominently in the 17th century when Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha State built the Jhansi Fort in 1613.
Jhansi came under the Maratha Empire in 1729 when Maharaja Chhatrasal introduced Jhansi and some other parts of his kingdom as Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I, for which he helped him defeat the Nawab of Farrukhabad
Muhammad Khan Bangash, Who attacked Maharaja Chhatrasal. State
In the 18th century, the city of Jhansi served as the capital of a Maratha province and later the princely state of Jhansi from 1804 to 1858, when the region became a part of the British.